What is ADHD?


ADHD is a mental disease. The acronym, ADHD, stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Someone with ADHD has differences in brain activity and brain development that affects attention, self-control, and the ability to sit still. ADHD can end up affecting a child in friendships, at school, and at home. Sure all kids find it a little difficult to sit still, pay attention and follow instructions, but for kids with ADHD, these problems occur more often and they are bigger struggles for the kid. Kids who have ADHD usually show signs of inattentiveness hyperactivity, or impulsiveness.

I am first going to explain what these three words mean. Inattentiveness is basically another word for being easily distracted. Kids who are inattentive have a hard time focusing their attention, staying on task, and concentrating. They may not be able to finish the things they start, miss important details, and they may not listen well to instructions. They may seem like their attention is elsewhere and they are forgetful and they lose track of their things. They may also daydream or fidget a little too much.

Hyperactivity is where the kid fidgets a lot and can’t stay still. Hyperactivity makes kids restless and allows them to be bored easily. They may have trouble staying quiet when they need to and they may have problems sitting still. They might make careless mistakes due to them rushing through various things. Without intention, they might act in ways that could affect or disrupt others. They tend to jump, run, or do physical activities even when they are not supposed to. 

Kids who are impulsive tend to act irrationally due to them acting too quickly without thinking about the effects of their actions. They might find it hard to wait or interrupt without meaning to. They might do things without asking for permission, act in ways that are risky, or take things that might not belong to them. They might have reactions that may be too extreme for certain situations. To conclude this, ADHD is basically a mental condition that people have no control over.